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Which is the worst risk factor for the long-term clinical outcome? Comparison of long-term ...
  • 작성일2021-02-23
  • 최종수정일2021-02-23
  • 담당부서연구기획과
  • 연락처043-719-8033
  • 745

Journal of Diabetes, 2020.12(2), 119-133, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-0407.12979


Which is the worst risk factor for the long-term clinical outcome? Comparison of long-term clinical outcomes between antecedent hypertension and diabetes mellitus in South Korean acute myocardial infarction patients after stent implantation

Yong Hoon Kim, Myung Ho Jeong; Byeong-Keuk Kim; Sung-Jin Hong; Seunghwan Kim; Chul-Min Ahn; Jung-Sun Kim; Young-Guk Ko; Donghoon Choi; Myeong-Ki Hong; Yangsoo Jang


Abstract

    Background: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) are major risk factors for the cardiovascular disease. In this retrospective cohort study, we compared the long-term clinical outcomes between antecedent hypertension and DM in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after stent implantation.
    Methods: A total of 32 938 eligible AMI patients were enrolled and divided into the four groups according to the presence or absence of hypertension and DM (hypertension -/DM -[group A, 13 773 patients], hypertension +/DM -[group B, 10 395 patients], hypertension -/DM + [group C, 3050 patients], and hypertension +/DM + [group D, 5720 patients]). The clinical endpoint was the cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI) and any repeat revascularization during the 2-year follow-up period.
    Results: After adjustment, the cumulative incidence of MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.232; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.982-1.567; P = .071), all-cause death, and e-MI Re-MI were similar between the group B and C. However, the cumulative incidences of any repeat revascularization (aHR, 1.438; 95% CI, 1.062-1.997; P = .007), target lesion revascularization (TLR) (aHR, 2.467; 95% CI, 1.552-3.922; P < .001), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) (aHR, 1.671; 95% CI, 1.256-2.222; P < .001) were significantly higher in group C compared with group B.
    Conclusions: This large number of a nonrandomized and multicenter cohort study clearly demonstrated the detrimental impacts of the hypertension and diabetes on long-term clinical outcomes. Moreover, higher incidence of repeat revascularization after PCI in diabetic AMI patients a major concern until recently.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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